CBD can be a divisive issue within Islam. We explain what you can and cannot consume. The leading source of information on Halal Industries, Islamic Finance & Lifestyle. News, companies, insights, reports, announcements across the Islamic Economy.
CBD and Islam: Halal or Haram?
CBD is a product that we hear more and more about. It is a product of the hemp plant, also known as cannabis sativa. There are many varieties of this plant and each one has an impressive number of natural components, including cannabidiol (short for CBD).
CBD is becoming popular because this molecule represents an important discovery in the world of medicine. Indeed, the therapeutic effects it can provide have been studied by scientists since the 1980s and are of interest to doctors as well as to people suffering from chronic and inflammatory diseases such as multiple sclerosis, endometriosis, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis and epilepsy.
Today, people of the Muslim faith are wondering about the halal or haram position of this substance which, on the face of it, could be good for their health, but which suffers from the illicit reputation that cannabis holds in society as well as in religion.
If this is the case for you, in this article, let’s unpack the effects of CBD to determine whether CBD is considered halal or haram in Islam and which CBD-derived products are allowed for consumption.
Illegal substances in Islam
Intoxication is forbidden in Islam, even in small doses. Any product that contains intoxicants, i.e. substances that can alter a person’s mental faculties, consciousness, behaviour, actions, lucidity and common sense, is prohibited and Islam advises to stay away from them.
Among the intoxicants are first of all alcohol, then psychoactive drugs as well as chemicals such as solvents whose vapors alter consciousness if inhaled.
Does CBD fall into this category of intoxicants forbidden by Islam? To answer this question, it is good to understand what exactly CBD is.
What is cannabidiol (CBD)?
CBD is a component found in the cannabis plant. It is one of more than 100 other active components that each have different effects and properties on the body
Cannabis has always been well known for its euphoric properties that alter the consciousness of its users. These euphoric effects are produced by another component, THC, which is the cause of this state. Other components present in the plant have different effects, but most of them are non-psychoactive like CBD. Only THC, a substance that is illegal and forbidden for consumption by law in France, is the cause of cannabis’ reputation.
CBD has been studied extensively in laboratories since its therapeutic properties were discovered. Indeed, many tests have been carried out on animals, and then on humans, to determine how CBD acts on the human body and what are its effects, both negative and positive.
The scientific consensus is that CBD is a non-psychoactive product that cures many symptoms in people suffering from chronic pain, difficulty sleeping, inflammation and depression
Moreover, it is also clearly attested that the CBD molecule has no proven side effects, apart from a drying of the mouth. Moreover, the limit of consumption of the product for it to become toxic is very high and impossible to reach for a lambda consumer.
When isolated from THC, CBD has no possibility of being assimilated to a euphoric drug and can be considered as a remedy coming from a plant, as could be a thyme tea for a sore throat.
Plants have always been the best allies of humans to cure mild ailments naturally, so CBD can be added to that list.
Does CBD make you “high”?
As explained above, CBD does not make you “high”. No euphoric effects can be attributed to the CBD molecule itself. It acts like a painkiller, an analgesic or a chemical antidepressant that you could buy in a pharmacy, except that it is derived from natural products
Note that it is important to consume quality products, approved by the state and whose composition is clearly indicated (as it should also be for products such as gelatin in candy for example). Reputable CBD products will always be accompanied by a CA or CoA (Certificate of Analysis) which determines the quality and purity of the product and lists the components present.
Is CBD authorized by French law?
Today, France allows the consumption and marketing of CBD products with less than 0.2% THC in their composition. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers that CBD is not harmful for health and therefore is not included in the list of substances to be controlled.
Is CBD addictive?
No, CBD is not addictive. Drugs, including THC in cannabis, are generally addictive and this is one of the reasons why governments prohibit their use. Many scientific studies have confirmed that CBD has no additive effects. Let’s try to understand biologically why.
When you use a drug, you trigger the production of a hormone called dopamine or the pleasure hormone. There are many studies that show that drugs like cocaine act on the nervous system to promote the production of dopamine and thus send pleasure signals to your body. Because the feeling of pleasure is so pleasurable, the body wants to reproduce it and therefore sends signals to the body to repeat the action so that the feeling is repeated. It is the same system with food addiction for example
CBD does not act on the production of dopamine. It has no significant “pleasure sensation” effect that can produce an addictive effect in the long term and the WHO confirms this.
Some other studies ( here on cigarettes ) are positive on the fact that CBD would help to reduce dependence on certain substances by stabilizing the effect that an additive product would have on the limbic system producing dopamine.
What CBD products should I choose as a Muslim?
According to the scientific information described in this article, we are definite about the halal position of the CBD molecule. It is a natural product that does not make you “stoned”.
Regarding its consumption, the choice of products will be decisive. It depends on your sensitivity on the subject to determine if the presence of less than 0.2% THC, in some CBD oils , for example, is low enough (and therefore non-psychoactive) that you can consume it and be at peace with your beliefs
Full spectrum CBD oil or full spectrum for example, may contain tiny traces of THC, but even these are considered halal due to the “negligible amounts” that do not impair mental faculties. If this level bothers you, there is another solution. Do you know CBD isolate?
CBD Is olate isolate is the purest CBD product you can find on the market. It contains ONLY CBD, and no other molecules. It is just as effective although it is slightly different in its consumption. Learn more about the difference between full spectrum CBD and CBD isolate .
CBD candy candies are definitely not recommended for Muslims as they are made from gelatin which usually contains animal fat and often pork.
CBD flowers flowers are also to be taken with caution. Ask about the composition of the flowers. Those sold in France, in e-shops like 321 CBD, do not contain more than 0.2% THC.
The CBD in vaporization will be halal or haram depending on your consideration too. It can be held at the same level as smoking because it is to inhale the product. So it is a matter of technique and not the product.
Whatever happens, make sure you know what the products you buy are made of, just as you would with food or medicine.
If you are interested in quality CBD products, do not hesitate to visit the 321 CBD e-shop e-shop to see the range of 100% Premium products.
Certified by the American Halal Foundation last October, the firm enters the US legal cannabis market expected to be worth more than $30 billion in 2022.
Washington D.C.: The CEO of an American company that has been awarded a halal certification for hemp products containing active CBD (cannabidiol) ingredients says his business will be contesting false claims about CBD, a non-psychoactive compound treating pain and relieving anxiety.
“We saw a gap in the industry. There were a lot of claims, sometimes unethical claims” about the health benefits of CBD, Fareed Syed, CEO of HalalCBD, told Salaam Gateway. Based in Las Vegas, Nevada, his company sells CBD extracts and gummies in three flavours as well as a topical moisturising lotion.
The company’s products were halal-certified by the American Halal Foundation last October (2021). Halal CBD claims to be selling “the first superior halal certified CBD brand. All natural ingredients, local grown hemp and 100% made in the USA.” That is important for halal certification – halal hemp must be made with additional manufacturing practices and standard operating procedures to comply with halal standards, Syed said.
“Ingredients are a major factor when it comes to manufacturing CBD and halal products. When halal products are created, every ingredient’s origin and manufacturing processes are audited to ensure the highest quality while following halal standards,” he added.
One key issue in halal certification is that a hemp-based product does not intoxicate the user. CBD (cannabidiol) is one of more than 80 biologically active chemical compounds contained in cannabis, according to the US Centre for Disease Control (CDC). Cannabis also contains delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, the chemical that creates the psychotropic high for marijuana users. That is not present in Halal CBD products at present.
“It was so new we decided to have zero [THC] now. We will be looking at some products that have a small amount of THC,” he said, although that would probably not be certified halal, at least for the time being. A CBD product “can be halal certified as long as it has zero THC in it,” according to Syed. He said it was easier to gain halal certification for the lotion than the tinctures or gummies: “Anything you’re not ingesting is easier to get certified.”
The company’s CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant and then diluting it with coconut oil or hemp seed oil. CBD can be found in a variety of products including dietary supplements, drinks, foods and lotions. Halal CBD markets its products through blogs, brand ambassadors and its social media presence, according to Syed. “Educating our community is the biggest thing to us.”
Screen grab of HalalCBD products.
Mohammad Husseini, vice president of the American Halal Foundation, based in Chicago, said halal-certified CBD is a relatively new frontier. More than one company in the USA has now become halal-certified for CBD products, said Hussaini. Other examples include Denver-based Noble Hemp.
“Zero THC is allowed, but what about a little THC? We’re still doing research,” he said. One thing is clear, Hussaini noted, recreational use is not allowed, while some medicinal cannabis products have THC content. Hussaini said a comprehensive certification process evaluates each ingredient, carrier, production process and other materials present in a manufacturing facility in addition to laboratory analysis of products. “Particularly, no non-halal animal derivatives should be present and ethanol residuals should be below 5,000 ppm [parts per million].”
The Islamic Services of America (ISA), a for-profit business based in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, is also studying halal certification for CBD, according to a member of ISA’s quality assurance department, but the work is a complicated undertaking. “There are few [prior] studies and each plant can vary. THC is an intoxicating chemical, but CBD can be formulated with a lot of other products and we don’t know how those combinations work,” he said. “On the certification level we have to do more due diligence. We try to err on the side of caution” until long-term effects are better known.
In January, global cannabinoid market researcher BDSA reported that 2021 was a breakthrough year for legal cannabis in the USA, with total sales figures for the country expected to be worth $25 billion. BDSA predicted the US legal cannabis market will reach more than $30 billion in 2022. And if the US Food & Drug Administration (FDA) eventually approves CBD as a legal additive, BDSA projects that sales could soar far higher.